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Facial Plastic Surgery

Reconstruction Surgery kolkata

       


Because our face is a significant part of our identity and because it exists essentially naked, unhidden by clothing, a facial deformity—from disease or trauma—can be a terrible source of unhappiness, embarrassment, or insecurity. Fortunately, restoring a patient's appearance through reconstructive surgery can allow a patient to regain his or her self-esteem and face life with confidence again.

In the United States alone, there are approximately 5,000 infants born each year with special facial challenges. One in every 700 infants is born with a cleft lip, cleft palate, or other facial condition. One in every 2,000 newborns will have a skull malformation and require intracranial surgery before they reach one year of age. At any age, tumors or trauma can cause facial deformities. All these conditions can potentially be corrected through facial reconstructive surgery.


CLEFT LIP AND PALATE

Cleft lip and palate are among the most common facial birth problems affecting approximately 1 in every 700 infants. Complete facial rehabilitation for a child with a cleft lip and palate generally involves more than the initial lip and palate repair. Comprehensive diagnosis, treatment planning, follow-up visits, and a staged reconstructive approach from infancy through adolescence are necessary components to achieve maximum success.



Complex Craniofacial Malformations

Complex Craniofacial Malformations are rare but when they do occur they require the help of an experienced craniofacial surgeon. These congenital deformities most frequently include one of the Craniofacial Dysostosis Syndromes (such as Crouzon, Apert, Pfeiffer, or cloverleaf skull anomaly), Treacher Collins syndrome, or Hemifacial Microsomia.

These malformations require a thoughtful, staged reconstructive approach from childhood through adolescence to achieve successful facial rehabilitation.

To determine the optimal staging of reconstruction, each patient is assessed as to the type and extent of malformation, growth and developmental factors and psychosocial needs.



Congenital Growths and Tumors

Congenital Growths and Tumors affect one in every 50 infants. Congenital tumors, such as hemangiomas, vascular malformations, fibrous dysplasia of bone, and neurofibromatosis, often benefit from a coordinated team approach with effective surgical intervention by an experienced craniofacial surgeon. Also, the more malignant facial tumors that occur in children including sarcomas are ideally managed through a coordinated combined treatment approach.



Craniomaxillofacial Trauma
Craniomaxillofacial Trauma requires prompt and accurate diagnosis followed by appropriate intervention. There are also patients who, despite initial treatment, will have secondary deformities that may benefit from further surgical intervention.



Jaw discrepancies with malocclusion

Jaw discrepancies with malocclusion are generally developmental in origin, but may be the result of congenital abnormalities, trauma, tumors, or other disorder. While minor jaw discrepancies and malocclusion can be managed by orthodontics alone, more complex jaw deformities affect both function and facial appearance and require a combined surgical and orthodontic approach.



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